I’ve begun my research into human trafficking to bring awareness to the growing global problem. I’ll keep it simple for now on a global scale. I’ll be posting about specific regions as I go. Here are some global statistics pulled from the current ILO report. (Please share to spread awareness and feel free to correct any statistics I may have misstated):
In 2005, the number of identified victims of human trafficking was estimated at 12.3 million people. Based on the 2012 ILO report, modern slavery around the world currently claims an estimated 20.9 million victims at any given time. That is an increase of approximately 70% globally.
Human trafficking is an estimated $32 billion/year industry and growing. It is second to drug trafficking.
Victims of forced labour by region:
14.2 million are victims of forced labour exploitation in economic activities, such as agriculture, construction, domestic work or manufacturing.
4.5 million are victims of forced sexual exploitation.
2.2 million are in state-imposed forms of forced labour, for example in prisons, or in work imposed by the state military or by rebel armed forces.
5.5 million are below 18 years of age.
The percentage of women and girls used in sexual exploitation in the private economy is 98%
The percentage of women and girls used in labor exploitation in the private economy is 40%
The percentage of children used in sexual exploitation in the private economy is 21%
The percentage of children used in labor exploitation in the private economy is 27%
Women and girls make up 55% of the total victims used in forced labor and sexual exploitation.
Many trafficked persons have a very short life span. Those working in forced labour may die from malnutrition, disease, accident and/or injury, or other causes, whilst most of those forced into the sex industry quickly contract sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS and may also suffer from malnutrition, or from injuries from sexual violence or punishment. Some commit suicide because of the atrocities they are forced to endure.
The average life expectancy of a child victim is 7 years.